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[Intensive Care Med发表论文]:医务人员和接受机械通气患者使用语言的一致性与患者约束的相关性
2024年02月09日 时讯速递, 进展交流 [Intensive Care Med发表论文]:医务人员和接受机械通气患者使用语言的一致性与患者约束的相关性已关闭评论

Association of language concordance and restraint use in adults receiving mechanical ventilation

Gershengorn, H.B., Patel, S., Mallow, C.M. et al

Intensive Care Med 49, 1489–1498 (2023)

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-023-07243-0

Abstract

Purpose

Clinician–patient language concordance improves patient outcomes in non-intensive care unit (ICU) settings. We sought to assess the association of ICU nurse–patient language concordance with delirium-related outcomes.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult English- or Spanish-speaking mechanically ventilated ICU patients admitted to ICUs at the University of Miami Hospital and Clinics (January 2021–September 2022). Our primary exposure was nurse–patient language concordance on each shift. We used mixed-effects multivariable regression to evaluate the association of language concordance with the primary outcome of restraint use, and secondary outcomes of agitation and identification of delirium, during each shift (with patient as a random effect).

Results

Our cohort included 4326 shifts (3380 [78.1%] with language concordance) from 548 patients and 157 nurses. Spanish language was preferred by 269 (49.1%) of patients. English-speaking patients tended to be younger (65 [53, 75] vs 73 [61, 83], p < 0.001) and of non-Hispanic ethnicity (55.5% vs 7.1%, p < 0.001). English-speakers had restraints ordered on fewer of their included shifts (0 [0, 3] vs 1 [0, 3], p = 0.005). After adjustment, the odds of restraint use on shifts with language concordance was significantly lower (odds ratio [OR, 95% confidence interval [CI]]: 0.50 [0.39–0.63], p < 0.001). Agitation (18.6% vs 25.2%; OR [95% CI]: 0.71 [0.55–0.92], p = 0.009) and delirium identification (34.5% vs 41.3%; OR [95% CI]: 0.54 [0.34–0.88], p = 0.014) were also less common.

Conclusions

We identified a twofold reduction in the odds of restraint use among mechanically ventilated patients for language concordant nurse–patient dyads. Ensuring nurse–patient language concordance may improve ICU delirium, agitation, and restraint use.

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