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COVID-19: How Can Hospitals Protect Workers and Patients? The novel coronavirus COVID-19 continues its spread globally. Public authorities are implementing various measures to contain or delay it, from complete or partial territorial lockdowns to closing schools to banning larger public gatherings. In this situation healthcare systems are on the front line, and hospitals and healthcare leadership must take necessary steps to ensure the safety of their staff, ...
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Research Letter March 23, 2020 Ethics Committee Reviews of Applications for Research Studies at 1 Hospital in China During the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Epidemic Hui Zhang, Fengmin Shao, Jianqin Gu, et al JAMA. Published online March 23, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.4362 Since December 2019, an epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.1 As of March 7, there were 1272 confirmed coronavirus c...
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Comparison of T-piece and Pressure Support Ventilation Weaning from mechanical ventilation is one of the most importance challenges in the ICU. The longer the patients remain on the mechanical ventilator, the greater the risk of complications including longer ICU and hospital stay, higher rates of infection and greater mortality. In some patients, a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) is conducted to determine if the patient will be able to sustain spontaneous breathi...
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Original Investigation Prevalence and Outcomes of Infection Among Patients in Intensive Care Units in 2017 Jean-Louis Vincent, Yasser Sakr, Mervyn Singer, et al JAMA. Published online March 24, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.2717 Importance Infection is frequent among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Contemporary information about the types of infections, causative pathogens, and outcomes can aid the development of policies for prevention, diagnosis,...
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Management of Adult Acute and Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure in the ICU Both acute liver failure (ALF) and acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Even today, medical treatment of these two disorders has limited benefits and for those who fail to respond, the only viable treatment is a liver transplant. Both ALF and ACLF rarely occur in isolation and in most cases there is multiple organ involvement. As with many critical...
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JAMA Infographic February 26, 2020 Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Influenza 2019-2020 Edward Livingston, Karen Bucher, Andrew Rekito JAMA. 2020;323(12):1122. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.2633
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Coronavirus and the Potential Role of ECMO The relatively new coronavirus has already infected thousands of patients in China and is now rapidly spreading globally. Many countries have already reported cases of coronavirus and the WHO has declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a public health emergency and has released preliminary guidelines on management of patients.  Most reports out of Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak, indicate that COVID-19 primarily a...
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Research Perioperative interventions for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications: systematic review and meta-analysis Peter M Odor, Sohail Bampoe, David Gilhooly, et al BMJ 2020;368:m540 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m540   Abstract Objective To identify, appraise, and synthesise the best available evidence on the efficacy of perioperative interventions to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in adult patients undergoing non...
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Critical Care Response to Coronavirus Outbreak in Shenzhen, China In December 2019, there was an outbreak of a novel virus in Wuhan, China. Termed nCOV or coronavirus disease by the WHO, this infection is now a major public health concern not only in China but globally. The 2019 nCOV pandemic has led to a major influx of infected patients to hospitals and in particular to intensive care units. In China, this has already strained medical facilities and healthcare w...
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Editorial March 16, 2020 Editorial Concern—Possible Reporting of the Same Patients With COVID-19 in Different Reports Howard Bauchner, Robert M. Golub, Jody Zylke JAMA. Published online March 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.3980 Since January 1, 2020, JAMA and the JAMA Network journals have received hundreds of manuscripts and direct queries related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including research reports, case series and cas...
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