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[BMJ圣诞专刊]: 《乔治的灵丹妙药》一书中的毒理分析:文献回顾
2021年01月17日 时讯速递, 进展交流 暂无评论

Research Christmas 2020: The Citadel

Toxicological analysis of George’s marvellous medicine: literature review

Graham Johnson, Patrick Davies

BMJ 2020; 371: m4467 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m4467 (Published 10 December 2020)

Abstract

Objective

To analyse the therapeutic effects and toxicity of the eponymous concoction described in Roald Dahl’s book George’s Marvellous Medicine.

Design

Literature review.

Setting

Two literature loving households in England.

Participants

George Kranky and grandma Kranky.

Main outcome measures

Clinical and toxic effects of the individual ingredients checked against those listed in ToxBase, the National Poisons Information Service’s poisons database.

Results

The medicine contained 34 ingredients. The most common toxic effect identified on ToxBase was nausea and vomiting (16 ingredients, 47%). Potentially life threatening effects were associated with 13 (38%) ingredients, including depression of the central nervous system, kidney injury, convulsions, cardiac toxicity, and mucosal erosion. The effects described in the book were accurate initially but then diverted from the most likely clinical outcome (death).

Conclusions

Although Dahl ought to be applauded for his initial accuracy about the toxicology of the ingredients in George’s marvellous medicine, the overall effect would be fatal catastrophic physiological collapse. Scientific exploration and experimentation should be encouraged in children, although any medicinal ingredients need to be checked for potential toxicity before being administered—to grandmas or anyone else.

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