现在的位置: 首页临床话题, 模拟诊室>正文
[Life in the Fast Lane]: 氧饱和度分离(2/4)
2020年09月14日 临床话题, 模拟诊室 暂无评论

Dissociated Oxygen Saturations

by Dr Paul Young, last update March 16, 2019

aka Hematology Hoodwinker 004

One of the emergency residents has just taken an ABG on the 44 year-old woman in cubicle 3. Prior to her current presentation she had no known medical problems. The patient’s pulse oximetry reading is SpO2 98% on air.

急诊科的一名住院医师刚刚为一名44岁的女性患者做了动脉血气检查。此次发病前,患者没有既往病史。患者吸空气时脉搏氧饱和度(SpO2)为98%。

This is the arterial blood gas:

患者动脉血气结果如下:

Questions 问题

Q1. What are the possible explanations for the discrepancy between the pulse oximetry reading and the oxygen saturation on the arterial blood gas?

Q1. 脉搏氧饱和度与动脉血气氧饱和度结果不一致的可能原因有哪些?

A1. Answer and interpretation

A1. 回答与解释

Possible explanations for ‘pseudo-hypoxaemia’ include

假性低氧血症的可能原因包括

  • Equipment failure
    — faulty pulse oximeter
    — faulty blood gas analyser
  • Blood sample used was actually venous
  • Blood sample taken from a site affected by localised hypoxemia, e.g. ischaemic limb
  • Excessive oxygen consumption following blood sample collection (e.g. massive leukocytosis or thrombocytosis)
  • 设备故障
    — 脉搏氧饱和度仪错误
    — 血气分析仪错误
  • 使用的血液标本为静脉血
  • 采取血液标本的部位受到局部低氧血症的影响,如肢体缺血
  • 血液标本采集后过度氧耗(如严重的白细胞增多症或血小板增多症)

Dyshemoglobinemia can also cause a discrepancy between SpO2 and SaO2, but will not cause the decrease in measured PaO2 as seen in this case.

异常血红蛋白血症也可以导致SpO2 与 SaO2 不一致,但不会引起本例看到的PaO2降低。

  • In carbon monoxide poisoning SpO2 will read in the 90s despite high levels of COHb — but the PaO2 should still be high.
  • In methemoglobinemia, the SpO2 plateaus at about 86% with increasing levels of MetHb, but again the PaO2 will not be decreased.
  • 一氧化碳中毒时,SpO2可能仅为90%,尽管COHb水平很高 — 但PaO2 仍然应当很高
  • 高铁血红蛋白时,随着MetHb水平不断升高,SpO2在86%达到平台,但PaO2同样不会降低

Q2. What other blood test would be particularly helpful?

Q2. 其他哪些血液检查结果会有帮助?

A2. Answer and interpretation

A2. 回答与解释

The full blood count

全血细胞计数

This is what the patient’s blood test showed:

以下是患者血液检查结果:

Q3. Describe the blood test result shown in Q2?

Q3. 请描述Q2中血液检查结果

Q4. Interpret the blood test result shown in Q2? What is the likely underlying diagnosis?

Q4. 解释Q2中血液检查结果?最可能的诊断是什么?

给我留言

您必须 [ 登录 ] 才能发表留言!

×
腾讯微博