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[BMJ圣诞专刊]:朝九晚五并非理想的学术人生:投稿与同行评议时间的观察性分析
2019年12月31日 时讯速递, 进展交流 暂无评论

Research Christmas 2019: Shiny Happy People

Working 9 to 5, not the way to make an academic living: observational analysis of manuscript and peer review submissions over time

Adrian Barnett, Inger Mewburn, Sara Schroter

BMJ 2019;367:l6460 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l6460 (Published 19 December 2019)

Objective 目的

To determine whether researchers are submitting manuscripts and peer reviews to BMJ journals out of hours and whether this has changed over time.

确定研究者是否在非工作时间向BMJ杂志投稿或进行同行评议,以及是否随时间发生改变。

Design 设计

Observational study of research manuscripts and peer reviews submitted between 2012 and 2019 for which an author’s address could be geocoded.

2012年至2019年间,能够确定作者地址的研究论文及同行评议的观察性研究。

Setting 场景

Online BMJ submission systems for two large general medical journals.

2个医学杂志的在线BMJ投稿系统

Main outcome measures 主要预后指标

Manuscript and peer review submissions on weekends, on national holidays, and by hour of day (to determine early mornings and late nights). Logistic regression was used to estimate the probability of manuscript and peer review submissions on weekends or holidays.

周末和国家节假日以及每日不同时间(确定清晨及午夜)投稿的论文和同行评议。采用logistic回归估计周末及节假日论文投稿及同行评议的概率。

Results 结果

The analyses included more than 49 000 manuscript submissions and 76 000 peer reviews. Little change over time was seen in the average probability of manuscript or peer review submissions occurring on weekends or holidays. The levels of out of hours work were high, with average probabilities of 0.14 to 0.18 for work on the weekends and 0.08 to 0.13 for work on holidays compared with days in the same week. Clear and consistent differences were seen between countries. Chinese researchers most often worked at weekends and at midnight, whereas researchers in Scandinavian countries were among the most likely to submit during the week and the middle of the day.

分析纳入超过49 000篇论文投稿以及76 000篇同行评议。在周末或节假日论文投稿或同行评议的平均概率随时间仅有轻度改变。工作时间以外工作强度较高,与同一周内工作日相比,周末工作平均概率为0.14至0.18,节假日为0.08至0.13。不同国家间存在明确差异。中国研究者更多在周末及午夜工作,而斯堪的纳维亚国家的研究者更大概率在工作日及午间工作。

Conclusion 结论

The differences between countries that are persistent over time show that a “culture of overwork” is a literal thing, not just a figure of speech.

国家之间的差异随时间变化仍持续存在,这表明“超时工作文化”并非仅仅停留在语言上,而是实际情况。

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