现在的位置: 首页临床话题, 模拟诊室>正文
[MEDSCAPE]:你是否熟悉热射病的诊治要点?(1/6)
2017年08月29日 临床话题, 模拟诊室 暂无评论

Fast Five Quiz: Are You Familiar With Key Elements Regarding Heat Stroke?

Richard H. Sinert, DO

August 02, 2017

Heat illness may be viewed as a continuum of illnesses relating to the body's inability to cope with heat. It includes minor illnesses, such as heat edema, heat rash (ie, prickly heat), heat cramps, and heat tetany, as well as heat syncope and heat exhaustion. Heat stroke is the most severe heat-related illness and is defined as a body temperature higher than 106°F associated with neurologic dysfunction.

Two forms of heat stroke are observed. Exertional heat stroke (EHS) generally occurs in young individuals who engage in strenuous physical activity for a prolonged period in a hot environment. Classic nonexertional heat stroke (NEHS) more commonly affects sedentary elderly individuals, persons who are chronically ill, and very young persons. Classic NEHS occurs during environmental heat waves and is more common in areas that do not typically experience periods of prolonged hot weather. Both types of heat stroke are associated with high morbidity and mortality, especially when cooling therapy is delayed.

热射病有两种类型。劳累性热射病(EHS)通常见于在酷热环境下长时间从事剧烈体力活动的年轻人。典型的非劳累性热射病(NEHS)更常见于久坐的老年人,慢性病患者,以及非常年轻的患者。典型的NEHS常发生在酷暑,更常见于不常经历长时间酷暑的地区。两种类型的热射病罹患率及病死率都很高,尤其是降温治疗延误时。

With the influence of global warming, it is predicted that the incidence of heat stroke cases and fatalities will also become more prevalent. Behavioral responses are important in the management of temperature elevations and may provide clues to preventing heat stroke.

在全球气候变暖的影响下,专家预测热射病发生率及死亡率均会升高。在气温升高时应当采取必要的措施,以预防热射病的发生。

Test your knowledge with this short quiz.

Which of the following is an indicator of poor prognosis during acute episodes of heat stroke?热射病急性期的以下哪种表现提示预后不良?

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

 

给我留言

您必须 [ 登录 ] 才能发表留言!

×
腾讯微博